A Visual History of the Largest Companies by Market Cap (1999-Today)

Tech Founders Predict the Next Wave of Startup Growth

The 15 Biggest Data Breaches in the Last 15 Years

A Visual History of the Largest Companies by Market Cap (1999-Today)

The Worlds 100 Most Valuable Brands in 2019

The 10 Breakthrough Technologies That Will Define 2019

How Long it Took Billionaires to Earn Their First $1 Million

How Millennial Doctors Are Transforming Medicine

The 10 Breakthrough Technologies That Will Define 2019

The Hidden Problem Looming Over the Cannabis Edibles Market

5 Ways Technology is Transforming the Healthcare Industry

Visualizing U.S. Energy Use in One Giant Chart

Animation: U.S. Electric Vehicle Sales (2010-19)

The Largest Producers of Crude Oil (1965-2017)

Visualizing Coppers Role in the Transition to Clean Energy

Visualizing Coppers Role in the Transition to Clean Energy

20 Common Metal Alloys and What Theyre Made Of

How AI and Big Data Will Unlock the Next Wave of Mineral Discoveries

Mapping the Flow of the Worlds Plastic Waste

Animation: U.S. Electric Vehicle Sales (2010-19)

The Hydrogen City: How Hydrogen Can Help to Achieve Zero Emissions

Visualizing the Happiest Country on Every Continent

Which Countries Are Set to Attract the Highest Skilled Workers from Abroad?

The Money Project is an ongoing collaboration betweenVisual CapitalistandTexas Precious Metalsthat seeks to use intuitive visualizations to explore the origins, nature, and use of money.

There are 60 major stock exchanges throughout the world, and their range of sizes is quite surprising.

At the high end of the spectrum is the mighty NYSE, representing $18.5 trillion in market capitalization, or about 27% of the total market for global equities.

At the lower end? Stock exchanges on the tiny islands of Malta, Cyprus, and Bermuda all range from just $1 billion to $4 billion in value. Even added together, these three exchanges make up just 0.01% of total market capitalization.

There are 16 exchanges that are a part of the $1 Trillion Dollar Club with more than $1 trillion in market capitalization. This elite group, with familiar names such as the NYSE, Nasdaq, LSE, Deutsche Borse, TMX Group, and Japan Exchange Group, comprise 87% of the worlds total value of equities.

Added together, the 44 names outside of this aforementioned group combine for just $9 trillion, or 13%, of the worlds total market capitalization.

From a geographical perspective, it is the Northern Hemisphere that is dominant. North America and Europe both hold 40.6% and 19.5% respectively of the worlds markets, and the vast majority of Asias 33.3% lies north of the equator in places like Shenzhen, Hong Kong, Tokyo, and Shanghai.

Notable exchanges that are south of the equator include the Australian Securities Exchange, the Indonesia Stock Exchange, the Johannesburg Stock Exchange and the Brazilian BMF Bovespa.

Our information in this data visualization comes from theWorld Federation of Exchangesmonthly report from November 2015. It is also worth noting that the London Stock Exchange (and its subsidiary Italian exchange) announced that it was leaving the WFE in 2013. Therefore, we retrieved the data on the LSE and the Borsa Italia from their website market reports, and converted the local currencies into USD.

The Money Projectaims to use intuitive visualizations to explore ideas around the very concept of money itself. Founded in 2015 byVisual CapitalistandTexas Precious Metals, the Money Project will look at the evolving nature of money, and will try to answer the difficult questions that prevent us from truly understanding the role that money plays in finance, investments, and accumulating wealth.

Animation: Re-sizing U.S. Counties Based on Local Economies

This interactive data visualization illustrates how the different planetary objects in our solar system compare based on their individual masses.

In space, everything feels weightless due to the lack of gravity.

So how do you measure the weight of objects in space? You dont. When it comes to the cosmos, all that matters is mass.

Todays interactive data visualization comes from Reddit userRanger-UK, and is designed by Daniel Caroli. It delves into the different masses which make up our solar system, and how they all compare in size.

Perhaps not surprisingly, the Sun eclipses all other nearby objects by mass. At the heart of our solar system, this yellow dwarfs gravity is what holds it all together.

The Sun actually makes up 99.8% of our entire solar systems mass and were lucky to be living in the other 0.2%. Responsible for all life on Earth, its no wonder that various cultures have worshiped the Sun throughout history, and even dedicated deities to it.

Currently in its middle years the sun is over four billion years old, and its predicted to remain stable for another five billion years. After this, it will overtake the orbits of Mercury and Venus and then shrink back to the size of a white dwarf.

The gas giants are all more than ten times as massive as Earth, even though theyre mainly made up of hydrogen and helium. They dominate the Solar Systems real estate once the Sun is taken out of the equation, of course.

The further away from the Sun you go, the more moons can be found orbiting planets. Earths singular moon is the fifth largest of almost 200 natural satellites found in the solar system.

Mars has two moons that dont make it into the visualization above due to their low masses:

Heres a breakdown of some other moons out there:

Pluto and some leftovers of the solar system lie in the distant region of the doughnut-shaped Kuiper belt, between 30 to 50astronomical units (AU)away. Beginning at the orbit of Neptune, the belt encompasses some of those objects in the visualization categorized as other.

So far, weve only managed to set foot on our own moon. NASAsOpportunityrover helped us explore the Red Planet virtually for over 14 years, while theCuriosityis still going strong.

Who knows what else lurks beyond the edges of our solar system?

It suddenly struck me that that tiny pea, pretty and blue, was the Earth I didnt feel like a giant. I felt very, very small.

Neil Armstrong, looking back at the Earth from the Moon (July 1969)

Freedom of speech on the internet has been on decline for eight consecutive years. We visualize the death spiral to show who limits speech the most.

View the full-size version of the infographic byclicking here

When people think of freedom, they often think it in the physical sense, such as the ability to act and behave in certain ways without fear of punishment, or freedom of movement within ones country.

When a nation chooses to restrict freedom in the physical world, the results are often hard to ignore. Protests are met with tear gas and rubber bullets. Road checks pop up along transportation routes. Journalists are detained.

In the digital world, creeping control often appears in more subtle ways. Personal data is accessed without us knowing, and swarms of suspiciously like-minded accounts begin to overwhelm meaningful conversations on social media platforms.

TheFreedom on the NetReport, by Freedom House, breaks internet suppression down into a number of elements, from content filtering to detention of online publishers. Heres how a number of countries around the world stack up:

According to the report, internet freedom around the world has been falling steadily for eight consecutive years. Todays graphic is an international look at the state of internet freedom.

At its best, the internet allows us to seek out information and make choices free from coercion or hidden manipulation. Even in countries with relatively open access to information this is becoming increasingly difficult.

In Western countries, internet suppression often rears its head in the form of misinformation and excessivedata collection. TheCambridge Analyticascandal was a potent example of how the vast amounts of data collected by platforms and third parties can be used to manipulate public opinion.

The backlash to this data collection by tech companies also produced one of the most promising developments in the past year the EUs General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). While the regulations are not applicable to government and military entities, it does create a pathway to increased transparency and accountability for companies collecting user data.

Around one-third of the people in the world live in countries that are considered partly free.

For most users, access to online information may not look too different from the internet experience in Iceland or Estonia, but there are creeping controls in specific areas.

In Turkey, Wikipedia was blocked and social media companies were compelled to censor political commentary. The country had one of the largest declines in internet freedom in recent years.

In Nigeria, data localization requirements have been enacted. This follows the lead of places like China and Vietnam, where servers must be located within the country for the inspection, storage, and provision of information at the request of competent state management agencies.

For many people around the world  particularly in Asia accessing information online is a fundamentally different experience. Content published by an individual can be monitored and censored, and online activity that would be considered benign in Western countries can result in severe real-world consequences such as imprisonment or death.

As todays data visualization vividly illustrates, China has by far the most restricted internet of the 65 countries covered in the report.

Network operators in the country are obligated to store all user data within the country (which can be accessed by governmental bodies), and are required to immediately stop the transmission of banned content. The country is also further cracking down the use of VPNs, which are used to circumvent Chinas Great Firewall.

Of course, China is not alone in the desire to implement tight controls over online access. Many places, from Vietnam to Ethiopia, are eager to embrace the China Model. The country, which is aggressively ramping up its influence around globe, is more than happy expand its influence through exporting models of governance to new technologies, such as facial recognition.

Meanwhile, in Russia, the popular messaging app, Telegram, was blocked due to its refusal to allow the countrys security service access to encrypted data. This example highlights a growing dilemma faced by tech companies operating internationally acquiesce to government demands, or lose access to huge markets.

Today, there are two prodominant flavors of internet on the menu the Silicon Valley offering dominated by major tech companies, and the top-down, state-controlled version being spread in earnest by Beijing. It would be a mistake to believe that the former is the clear choice for jurisdictions around the world.

In many countries in Africa, communications infrastructure is still being built out, so assistance from Chinese companies is accepted with open arms.

Our Chinese friends have managed to block such media in their country and replaced them with their homegrown sites that are safe, constructive, and popular.

Edwin Ngonyani, Tanzanias Deputy Minister of Works, Transport and Communication

Even though the internet is nowthree decades old, its form is still evolving. It remains to be seen whether the divergence betweenfreeandnot freejurisdictions continues to grow.

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