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14 October 2019, 18:19Last updated:14 October 2019, 18:19

The gold prices used in this table and chart are supplied by BullionDesk. Where the gold price is presented in currencies other than the US dollar, it is converted into the local currency unit using the foreign exchange rate at the time (or as close to as possible).

The gold prices used in this table and chart are supplied by BullionDesk. Where the gold price is presented in currencies other than the US dollar, it is converted into the local currency unit using the foreign exchange rate at the time (or as close to as possible).

The best estimates currently available suggest that around 193,472 tonnes of gold has been mined throughout history, of which around two-thirds has been mined since 1950. And since gold is virtually indestructible, this means that almost all of this metal is still around in one form or another. If every single ounce of this gold were placed next to each other, the resulting cube of pure gold would only measure around 21 metres on each side.

This breakdown of the above-ground stock of gold includes a time series of how it has evolved since 2010, and the latest year-end estimate of below-ground stocks.

Source: Metals Focus, Refinitiv GFMS, US Geological Survey, World Gold Council

Annual volume of above-ground stocks of gold from 2010 to 2018

This data is updated annually, in conjunction with the publication of our full-year Gold Demand Trends report.

Central banks bought 651 tonnes of gold in 2018, the highest volume on record under the existing international monetary system. In the World Gold Councils second annual Central Bank Gold Reserve Survey, we explore: the motivations behind these purchases; planned changes in reserve asset allocations; gold management strategies; and gold operations practices.

Regional and fund-specific analysis of gold hold holdings and flows in USD

A time series of official holdings of gold including an attribution of sales under the Central Bank Gold Agreement (CBGA).

This survey seeks to better understand how central banks view and manage their gold holdings

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